TRAUMATIC HEAD INJURY SHORT NOTES

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TRAUMATIC HEAD INJURY

TRAUMATIC HEAD INJURY SHORT NOTES

  • Head injury is trauma to the skull, resulting in mild to extensive damage to the brain.

TYPES OF HEAD INJURIES

Concussion

  • Jarring of the brain within the skull with no loss of consciousness

Contusion

  • Bruising type of injury to the brain tissue

Epidural hematoma

  • Results from arterial bleeding
  • Often associated with temporary loss of consciousness
  • It is a surgical emergency

Subdural Hematoma

  • Results from Venous bleed
  • Tears in the veins crossing the subdural space

Intracerebral hemorrhage

  • Blood vessel within the brain ruptures allowing blood to leak inside the brain

Subarachnoid hemorrhage

  • Bleeding into the subarachanoid space
  • Occur as a result of spontaneous cerebral aneurysm

ENDOCRINE DISORDERS SHORT NOTES – CLICK HERE

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

  • Increased ICP
  • Changes in level of consciousness
  • Headache, nausea, vomitting, pupillary changes, papilledema
  • Nuchal rigidity
  • CSF drainage from the ears or nose
  • Weakness, paralysis
  • Decreased sensation or absence of feeling
  • Seizure activity
  • CSF can be distinguished from other fluids by the presence of concentric rings, when the fluid is placed on a white sterile background, such as a gauze pad(Bloody fluid surrounded by yellowish stain-Halo sign)

TREATMENT

  • Monitor vital signs and level of consciousness
  • Monitor for drainage from the nose or ears because this fluid may be CSF.
  • Do not attempt to clean the nose, suction or allow the client to blow his or her nose if drainage occurs
  • Do not clean the ear if drainage is noted, apply a loose, dry sterile dressing

SURGICAL INTERVENTION

  • Craniotomy
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READ MORE  MYASTHENIA GRAVIS SHORT NOTES

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