PRIMARY HYPERALDOSTERONISM SHORT NOTES

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PRIMARY HYPERALDOSTERONISM

PRIMARY HYPERALDOSTERONISM

Also Known As Conn’s Syndrome

  • Hypersecretion of mineralocorticoids (aldosterone) from the adrenal cortex of the adrenal gland.

CAUSES

  • Adenoma

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

  • Hypokalemia, hypernatremia, hypertension, headache, nocturia, polydipsia, polyuria
  • paraesthesia, visual changes, low urine specific gravity, elevated serum aldosterone level

TREATMENT

  • Monitor for signs of hypokalemia, hypernatremia, blood pressure and vital signs
  • Monitor intake and output chart and urine for specific gravity
  • Give spironolactone to promote fluid balance and control hypertension
  • Administer potassium supplements

SURGICAL MANAGEMENT

  • Adrenalectomy
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