PARKINSON’S DISEASE SHORT NOTES

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PARKINSON’S DISEASE SHORT NOTES

  • The degenerative disease occurs due to the degeneration of dopamine-producing cells in the substantia nigra, which results in dopamine deficiency.
  • Dysfunction of the extrapyramidal tract of midbrain

CAUSES

  • Family history
  • Most often develops in the age of 60
  • Some toxic environmental chemicals such as pesticides and carbon mono oxide.

HODGKIN’S DISEASE SHORT NOTES

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

  • Bradykinesia (Abnormal slowness of movement and sluggishness of physical and mental responses.)
  • Akinesia (loss of control of voluntary muscle movement)
  • Tremor (pill rolling), rigidity, drooling
  • Loss of co-ordination and balance
  • Suffling steps and propulsive gait
  • Monotonous speech

TREATMENT

  • Assess neurological status
  • Assess the ability to swallow and chew
  • Provide high calorie, high protein, high fiber soft diet with small, frequent feedings
  • Monitor for constipation
  • Assist with ambulation
  • Administer a combination of carbidopa and levodopa
  • Administer amantadine and bromocriptine
  • Instruct the client to wear low heeled shoes
  • Promote physical therapy and rehabilitation
  • Instruct the client to avoid foods high in vitamin B6 because they block the effects of antiparkinsonian medications
  • Instruct the client to avoid monoamine oxidase inhibitors because they will precipitate hypertensive crisis
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READ MORE  DIABETIC INSIPIDUS SHORT NOTES

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